Executive Order 12501 – Arctic Research (January 1985)


The Executive Order 12501 of Jan. 28, 1985, formally established the United States Arctic Research Commission (USARC) and the Interagency Arctic

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Finland’s Strategy for the Arctic Region 2013


Finland’s new Strategy for the Arctic Region defines a number of objectives for Finland’s Arctic policy and explores ways of

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Arctic Expertise in Finland (2012)


Except for the Foreword, the text of the publication has been compiled by Markku Heikkilä and Marjo Laukkanen from the

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Finland’s Strategy for the Arctic Region (2010)


On 4 June 2010, the Cabinet Committee on European Union Affairs adopted the proposal for Finland’s strategy for the Arctic

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Norway’s Arctic Policy (2014)


The report “Norway’s arctic policy: Creating value, managing resources, confronting climate change and fostering knowledge. Developments in the Arctic concern

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Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 (amended 1990)


PUBLIC LAW 98-373 – July 31,1984; amended as PUBLIC LAW 101-609 – November 16, 1990 An Act To provide for

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New Building Blocks in the North (2009)


Comment by Kristine Offerdal, research fellow at the IFS: In December 2006 The Norwegian Government’s High North Strategy was released. The

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A Pan-Northern Approach to Science (2016)


In April 2016, territorial premiers released A Pan-Northern Approach to Science. The strategy recognizes that it is not sufficient to study

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A Northern Vision: Building a Better North (2014)


In September 2014, the premiers of Northwest Territories, Yukon and Nunavut met in Yellowknife to announce the release of A

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Paths to a Renewable North: A Pan-Territorial Renewable Energy Inventory (2011)


Providing energy to meet the needs of Northern households, communities, and industry in Canada’s three territories is difficult, but critically

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Pan-Territorial Adaptation Strategy: Moving Forward on Climate Change Adaptation in Canada’s North (2011)


Climate change impacts vary widely in nature and magnitude across Canada’s North. The Governments of Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and Yukon

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Statement on Canada’s Arctic Foreign Policy (2010)


Canada’s vision for the Arctic is a stable, rules-based region with clearly defined boundaries, dynamic economic growth and trade, vibrant

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Canada’s Northern Strategy: Our North, Our Heritage, Our Future (2009)


In 2009, the Government of Canada presented Canada’s Northern Strategy: Our North, Our Future, Our Heritage. In this strategy, published

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A Northern Vision: A Stronger North and a Better Canada (2007)


Canada’s North is experiencing unprecedented economic, environmental and political transformation. The implications extend across Canada. This document, published by  three

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The Norwegian Government’s High North Strategy (2006)


In December 2006, the Norwegian Government’s High North Strategy was released. The overall goal is to create sustainable growth and

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Opportunities and Challenges in the North: Report No. 30 (2004-2005) to the Storting


The High North has been important for Norway for hundreds of years in terms of business opportuni- ties and resources,

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Look North! Challenges and Opportunities in the Northern Areas (2003)


This report was published in 2003 as NOU 2003:32 (Official Norwegian Report). Read full report (Norwegian).

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Government Response to the House of Lords Select Committee Report


The UK government response to the House of Lords Select Committee report on the Arctic: Responding to a Changing Arctic,

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Responding to a Changing Arctic: Report of the House of Lords Select Committee on the Arctic


The UK – the northernmost country below the Arctic Circle – needs to up its game or risk being ‘outmanoeuvred’

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Adapting To Change: UK policy towards the Arctic


The UK Government published this Arctic Policy Framework on 17 October 2013, setting out its overall approach to the Arctic.

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