PUBLIC LAW 98-373 – July 31,1984; amended as PUBLIC LAW 101-609 – November 16, 1990
To provide for a comprehensive national policy dealing with national research needs and objectives in the Arctic, for a National Critical Materials Council, for development of a continuing and comprehensive national materials policy, for programs necessary to carry out that policy, including Federal programs of advanced materials research and technology, and for innovation in basic materials industries, and for other purposes.
The ARPA establishes an Arctic Research Commission (ARC) and an Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee (IARPC) under the National Science Foundation to help implement the Act. IARPC was formally created by Executive Order 12501. Its activities are coordinated by the National Science Foundation (NSF), with the Director of the NSF as chair.